open access

Vol 69, No 5 (2011)
Original articles
Published online: 2011-05-18
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy: with or without heparin? A randomised double blind study

Samad Ghaffari, Bahram Sohrabi, Naser Aslanabadi, Amir Reza Sedgi Mogadam, Nariman Sepehrvand, Leili Pourafkari, Reza Ghaffari, Fariborz Akbarzadeh, Alireza Yaghoubi
Kardiol Pol 2011;69(5):445-450.

open access

Vol 69, No 5 (2011)
Original articles
Published online: 2011-05-18
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) is an alternative approach to open heart surgery in patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis (MS).
Aim: To compare the outcome of performing PTMC with or without heparin administration.
Methods: In this randomised clinical trial, 480 patients with symptomatic MS were randomly allocated to one of two groups, with or without heparin administration as part of the procedure. Echocardiographic and clinical outcomes of PTMC assessed before the procedure, during hospitalisation, and after the one-month follow-up, were compared between the two groups.
Results: Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were similar in the 240 patients with heparin administration (the Hep [+] group) and the 240 patients without heparin administration (the Hep [–] group) during the procedure. In the whole study group mitral valve area (MVA) was 0.94 ± 0.03 cm2 prior to PTMC, and increased to 1.85 ± 0.06 cm2 after the procedure (p = 0.0001). The mean increase in MVA was 0.85 ± 0.27 cm2 in the Hep (+) group and 0.88 ± 0.2 cm2 in the Hep (–) group (NS). During the procedure, or immediately after PTMC, embolic events were recorded in two (0.83%) Hep (+) patients and one (0.42%) Hep (–) patient (NS). The frequency of haematoma at puncture site (three [1.25%] Hep [+] vs two [0.83%] Hep [–]), and the need for urgent surgery (two [0.83%] Hep [+] vs five [2.1%] Hep [–]), were similar in both groups. There were no embolic events after discharge or during the one month follow-up period.
Conclusions: Our study revealed that in high volume centres and in selected patients without left atrial thrombus, heparin administration during PTMC is not associated with any additional protective effect against embolic events during short-term follow-up.
Kardiol Pol 2011; 69, 5: 445–450

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) is an alternative approach to open heart surgery in patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis (MS).
Aim: To compare the outcome of performing PTMC with or without heparin administration.
Methods: In this randomised clinical trial, 480 patients with symptomatic MS were randomly allocated to one of two groups, with or without heparin administration as part of the procedure. Echocardiographic and clinical outcomes of PTMC assessed before the procedure, during hospitalisation, and after the one-month follow-up, were compared between the two groups.
Results: Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were similar in the 240 patients with heparin administration (the Hep [+] group) and the 240 patients without heparin administration (the Hep [–] group) during the procedure. In the whole study group mitral valve area (MVA) was 0.94 ± 0.03 cm2 prior to PTMC, and increased to 1.85 ± 0.06 cm2 after the procedure (p = 0.0001). The mean increase in MVA was 0.85 ± 0.27 cm2 in the Hep (+) group and 0.88 ± 0.2 cm2 in the Hep (–) group (NS). During the procedure, or immediately after PTMC, embolic events were recorded in two (0.83%) Hep (+) patients and one (0.42%) Hep (–) patient (NS). The frequency of haematoma at puncture site (three [1.25%] Hep [+] vs two [0.83%] Hep [–]), and the need for urgent surgery (two [0.83%] Hep [+] vs five [2.1%] Hep [–]), were similar in both groups. There were no embolic events after discharge or during the one month follow-up period.
Conclusions: Our study revealed that in high volume centres and in selected patients without left atrial thrombus, heparin administration during PTMC is not associated with any additional protective effect against embolic events during short-term follow-up.
Kardiol Pol 2011; 69, 5: 445–450
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Keywords

mitral stenosis; percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy; heparin; complications

About this article
Title

Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy: with or without heparin? A randomised double blind study

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 69, No 5 (2011)

Pages

445-450

Published online

2011-05-18

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2011;69(5):445-450.

Keywords

mitral stenosis
percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy
heparin
complications

Authors

Samad Ghaffari
Bahram Sohrabi
Naser Aslanabadi
Amir Reza Sedgi Mogadam
Nariman Sepehrvand
Leili Pourafkari
Reza Ghaffari
Fariborz Akbarzadeh
Alireza Yaghoubi

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