Vol 59, No 10 (2003)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Echocardiographic monitoring of left ventricular regional motion during hyperventilation and intravenous infusion of trometamol (tris) for detection of variant angina

Piotr Salomon, Adam Spring
Kardiol Pol 2003;59(10):306-309.
Vol 59, No 10 (2003)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Background: In spite of constant progress and development of new diagnostic tests, the detection of variant angina, which occurs in approximately 30% of patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD), remains challenging.
Aim: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of echocardiographically monitored transient abnormalities of regional wall motion of left ventricle (LV) during hyperventilation after intravenous infusion of trometamol (TRIS-buffer) for the detection of coronary artery spasm.
Methods: The study group consisted of 72 patients (14 women and 58 men, aged from 32 to 69 years) with IHD. A control group was composed of 20 healthy men. Patients with IHD were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 46 patients with Prinzmetal's angina whereas group II was composed of 26 patients with exertional angina and a history of myocardial infarction. Two-dimensional echocardiographic monitoring of LV contractility was carried out during hyperventilation after an intravenous infusion of 100 ml of trometamol.
Results: Transient abnormalities of regional LV wall motion during infusion of trometamol and hyperventilation occurred in 91% of patients from group I and in 8% of patients from group II (p<0.00001). Electrocardiographic ST-segment changes during hyperventilation-trometamol test were observed in 63% of patients from group I and in 23% of patients from group II (p<0.0001). No transient regional dyssynergy of LV nor ST-segment changes during hyperventilation-trometamol test in the control group were observed. The sensitivity and specificity of regional LV wall motion during hyperventilationtrometamol test in the identification of patients with variant angina were 91% and 92%, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity of ST-segment changes - 63% and 76%, respectively.
Conclusions: Echocardiographic monitoring of regional LV wall motion during hyperventilation after intravenous infusion of trometamol is a sensitive and specific test for detection of variant angina.

Abstract

Background: In spite of constant progress and development of new diagnostic tests, the detection of variant angina, which occurs in approximately 30% of patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD), remains challenging.
Aim: To assess the sensitivity and specificity of echocardiographically monitored transient abnormalities of regional wall motion of left ventricle (LV) during hyperventilation after intravenous infusion of trometamol (TRIS-buffer) for the detection of coronary artery spasm.
Methods: The study group consisted of 72 patients (14 women and 58 men, aged from 32 to 69 years) with IHD. A control group was composed of 20 healthy men. Patients with IHD were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 46 patients with Prinzmetal's angina whereas group II was composed of 26 patients with exertional angina and a history of myocardial infarction. Two-dimensional echocardiographic monitoring of LV contractility was carried out during hyperventilation after an intravenous infusion of 100 ml of trometamol.
Results: Transient abnormalities of regional LV wall motion during infusion of trometamol and hyperventilation occurred in 91% of patients from group I and in 8% of patients from group II (p<0.00001). Electrocardiographic ST-segment changes during hyperventilation-trometamol test were observed in 63% of patients from group I and in 23% of patients from group II (p<0.0001). No transient regional dyssynergy of LV nor ST-segment changes during hyperventilation-trometamol test in the control group were observed. The sensitivity and specificity of regional LV wall motion during hyperventilationtrometamol test in the identification of patients with variant angina were 91% and 92%, respectively, and the sensitivity and specificity of ST-segment changes - 63% and 76%, respectively.
Conclusions: Echocardiographic monitoring of regional LV wall motion during hyperventilation after intravenous infusion of trometamol is a sensitive and specific test for detection of variant angina.
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Keywords

echocardiography - variant angina - hyperventilation - trometamol (tris)

About this article
Title

Echocardiographic monitoring of left ventricular regional motion during hyperventilation and intravenous infusion of trometamol (tris) for detection of variant angina

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 59, No 10 (2003)

Pages

306-309

Published online

2005-12-12

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2003;59(10):306-309.

Keywords

echocardiography - variant angina - hyperventilation - trometamol (tris)

Authors

Piotr Salomon
Adam Spring

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