Vol 62, No 3 (2005)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28
Get Citation

Prevalence of arterial hypertension in children aged 9-14 years, residents of the city of Łódź

Przemysław Kardas, Maja Kufelnicka, Daniel Herczyński
Kardiol Pol 2005;62(3):214-216.
Vol 62, No 3 (2005)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is one of the most common disorders in adults. Although it may be already present in children and adolescents, it is usually undetected. There is a lack of data on the prevalence of hypertension in this age-group in Poland.
Aim: To assess the prevalence of hypertension in children and adolescents, residents of the city of Łódź.
Methods: Children and adolescents aged 9-14 years, attending one primary and one secondary school, were examined. Blood pressure (BP) was measured three times with the use of a mercury sphygmomanometer. Systolic BP was determined by the first Korotkoff sound, and diastolic BP - by the fifth Korotkoff sound. Hypertension was diagnosed when the value of systolic and/or diastolic BP exceeded the 95th percentile of normal values, taking into account height, gender and age.
Results: In total, 637 children and adolescents (349 girls and 288 boys) were examined. The first BP measurements revealed abnormal values in 13.2% of examined subjects, slightly more often in girls than in boys (14.6% vs 11.4%, NS). Triple BP measurements revealed the presence of hypertension in 3.3% of examined subjects (2.9% of girls and 3.8% of boys, NS). Hypertension was diagnosed by triple measurement in a significantly lower proportion of subjects than by a single screening examination (p

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is one of the most common disorders in adults. Although it may be already present in children and adolescents, it is usually undetected. There is a lack of data on the prevalence of hypertension in this age-group in Poland.
Aim: To assess the prevalence of hypertension in children and adolescents, residents of the city of Łódź.
Methods: Children and adolescents aged 9-14 years, attending one primary and one secondary school, were examined. Blood pressure (BP) was measured three times with the use of a mercury sphygmomanometer. Systolic BP was determined by the first Korotkoff sound, and diastolic BP - by the fifth Korotkoff sound. Hypertension was diagnosed when the value of systolic and/or diastolic BP exceeded the 95th percentile of normal values, taking into account height, gender and age.
Results: In total, 637 children and adolescents (349 girls and 288 boys) were examined. The first BP measurements revealed abnormal values in 13.2% of examined subjects, slightly more often in girls than in boys (14.6% vs 11.4%, NS). Triple BP measurements revealed the presence of hypertension in 3.3% of examined subjects (2.9% of girls and 3.8% of boys, NS). Hypertension was diagnosed by triple measurement in a significantly lower proportion of subjects than by a single screening examination (p
Get Citation

Keywords

hypertension - blood pressure measurement - prevalence - children and adolescents

About this article
Title

Prevalence of arterial hypertension in children aged 9-14 years, residents of the city of Łódź

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 62, No 3 (2005)

Pages

214-216

Published online

2005-12-12

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2005;62(3):214-216.

Keywords

hypertension - blood pressure measurement - prevalence - children and adolescents

Authors

Przemysław Kardas
Maja Kufelnicka
Daniel Herczyński

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73 street, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl