Vol 62, No 4 (2005)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Kinetics of chemokines in acute myocardial infarction

Małgorzata Kobusiak-Prokopowicz, Jacek Orzeszko, Grzegorz Mazur, Andrzej Mysiak, Alina Orda, Walentyna Mazurek
Kardiol Pol 2005;62(4):309-314.
Vol 62, No 4 (2005)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Background: Chemokines are supposed to play an important role in the activation of monocytes and in the development of atherosclerosis. There are also suggestions that chemokine-mediated enhanced coagulability may be related to the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes.
Aim: To assess the kinetics of 3 chemokines: Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1), Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1alfa (MIP-1α) and Regulated on Activation Normal T cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Methods: The study group consisted of 40 patients (pts) with STEMI who were divided into 2 groups - 16 pts with anterior MI (AMI) and 24 pts with inferior or lateral MI (IMI). According to the type of received therapy, the pts were divided into 2 other groups: group A - 30 pts treated with thrombolytic agents or primary angioplasty and group B - 10 pts without recanalisation therapy. The control group consisted of 10 healthy volunteers. Blood samples for MCP-1, MIP-1α and RANTES serum levels was taken on admission and 3 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 7 days afterwards.
Results: The baseline MCP-1 and RANTES levels were significantly higher in pts with STEMI than in controls (1068.9 vs 880.9 pg/ml, p<0.05; 50.8 vs 33.9 pg/ml, p<0.005). In pts with STEMI, peak levels of MCP-1 and MIP-1&#945; were significantly higher 3h than 24h from admission (MCP-1 1274.4 vs 1097.4 pg/ml, p<0.02; MIP-1&#945; 39.2 vs 22.0 pg/ml, p<0.01). In all STEMI pts there was a positive correlation between MIP-1&#945; 3h and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (r=0.455, p<0.05) and a negative correlation between MIP-1&#945; 3h and LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEED) (r=-0.453, p<0.05). A significant positive correlation between TnI level and chemokines in both AMI and IMI patients was detected, being the highest in AMI and IMI groups when MIP-1&#945; 24 h and TnI were compared (R=0.852, p<0.003 and R=0.646, p<0.0001). In pts with IMI, a positive correlation between RANTES, MIP-1&#945; 3h and LVEF was found (R=0.322, p<0.03 and R=0.399, p<0.008). In group A, all MIP-1&#945; values were significantly higher than in group B. Also, peak MIP-1&#945; levels significantly differed between groups A and B (44.8 vs 8.3 pg/ml, p<0.006). In pts from group B, a negative correlation between MCP-1 measured an admission and LVEF was found (R=-0.690, p<0.05).
Conclusions: We found a significant elevation of chemokines in the early period of acute MI. The correlations between different parameters suggest, that chemokines may serve as new parameters of immune activation in STEMI and also may play the dominant role in the cardiac inflammatory response and subsequent repair processes.

Abstract

Background: Chemokines are supposed to play an important role in the activation of monocytes and in the development of atherosclerosis. There are also suggestions that chemokine-mediated enhanced coagulability may be related to the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes.
Aim: To assess the kinetics of 3 chemokines: Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1), Macrophage Inflammatory Protein-1alfa (MIP-1&#945;) and Regulated on Activation Normal T cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Methods: The study group consisted of 40 patients (pts) with STEMI who were divided into 2 groups - 16 pts with anterior MI (AMI) and 24 pts with inferior or lateral MI (IMI). According to the type of received therapy, the pts were divided into 2 other groups: group A - 30 pts treated with thrombolytic agents or primary angioplasty and group B - 10 pts without recanalisation therapy. The control group consisted of 10 healthy volunteers. Blood samples for MCP-1, MIP-1&#945; and RANTES serum levels was taken on admission and 3 h, 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 7 days afterwards.
Results: The baseline MCP-1 and RANTES levels were significantly higher in pts with STEMI than in controls (1068.9 vs 880.9 pg/ml, p<0.05; 50.8 vs 33.9 pg/ml, p<0.005). In pts with STEMI, peak levels of MCP-1 and MIP-1&#945; were significantly higher 3h than 24h from admission (MCP-1 1274.4 vs 1097.4 pg/ml, p<0.02; MIP-1&#945; 39.2 vs 22.0 pg/ml, p<0.01). In all STEMI pts there was a positive correlation between MIP-1&#945; 3h and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (r=0.455, p<0.05) and a negative correlation between MIP-1&#945; 3h and LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEED) (r=-0.453, p<0.05). A significant positive correlation between TnI level and chemokines in both AMI and IMI patients was detected, being the highest in AMI and IMI groups when MIP-1&#945; 24 h and TnI were compared (R=0.852, p<0.003 and R=0.646, p<0.0001). In pts with IMI, a positive correlation between RANTES, MIP-1&#945; 3h and LVEF was found (R=0.322, p<0.03 and R=0.399, p<0.008). In group A, all MIP-1&#945; values were significantly higher than in group B. Also, peak MIP-1&#945; levels significantly differed between groups A and B (44.8 vs 8.3 pg/ml, p<0.006). In pts from group B, a negative correlation between MCP-1 measured an admission and LVEF was found (R=-0.690, p<0.05).
Conclusions: We found a significant elevation of chemokines in the early period of acute MI. The correlations between different parameters suggest, that chemokines may serve as new parameters of immune activation in STEMI and also may play the dominant role in the cardiac inflammatory response and subsequent repair processes.
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Keywords

chemokines - inflammation - acute myocardial infarction

About this article
Title

Kinetics of chemokines in acute myocardial infarction

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 62, No 4 (2005)

Pages

309-314

Published online

2005-12-12

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2005;62(4):309-314.

Keywords

chemokines - inflammation - acute myocardial infarction

Authors

Małgorzata Kobusiak-Prokopowicz
Jacek Orzeszko
Grzegorz Mazur
Andrzej Mysiak
Alina Orda
Walentyna Mazurek

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