Vol 62, No 5 (2005)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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A decrease of enlarged left atrium following cardioversion of atrial fibrillation predicts the long-term maintenance of sinus rhythm

Dariusz A. Kosior, Marcin Szulc, Adam Torbicki, Grzegorz Opolski, Daniel Rabczenko
Kardiol Pol 2005;62(5):433-437.
Vol 62, No 5 (2005)
Other
Published online: 2005-12-12
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Background: Although increased left atrial size (LA) has been long regarded as one of the factors negatively influencing the long-term maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR) following cardioversion (CV) of atrial fibrillation (AF), some reports suggested that CV might be effective also in patients with large LA.
Aim: We sought to determine the role of LA enlargement in long-term SR maintenance after CV of persistent AF.
Methods: 104 consecutive patients (33 females, 71 males, mean age 60.4±7.4 years) were assigned to SR restoration and maintenance with serial antiarrhythmic drugs. Transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) variables were recorded prior to CV. Generalised additive logistic regression was used to investigate the impact of LA enlargement on the long-term SR maintenance.
Results: SR was present in 63.5% of patients after one year of follow-up. Increased LA area >28 cm (RR 1.72; 1.09-2.71; p<0.02) and increased fractional shortening values in ranges between 26-40% (1.2; 1.01-1.44; p<0.05) were significantly associated with SR maintenance after one year. In order to determine the influence of the LA diameter on the probability of SR maintenance, we analysed mean LAar values prior to and after CV. Patients with large LAar (>28 cm2) presented a significant decrease of LA size (31.45±3.07 cm2 vs 28.94±3.81 cm2; p<0.008) during the first 30 days after SR restoration. In the group of patients with LAar >28 cm2 we noted decrease in LA size by 2.57±3.2 cm2, whereas in patients with a smaller LA volume this decrease was significantly lower, being 0.47±2.9 cm2 (p<0.004).
Conclusions: LA enlargement does not preclude a favourable outcome after CV of AF. The decrease in LA area occurring during 30 days following CV favours long term SR maintenance.

Abstract

Background: Although increased left atrial size (LA) has been long regarded as one of the factors negatively influencing the long-term maintenance of sinus rhythm (SR) following cardioversion (CV) of atrial fibrillation (AF), some reports suggested that CV might be effective also in patients with large LA.
Aim: We sought to determine the role of LA enlargement in long-term SR maintenance after CV of persistent AF.
Methods: 104 consecutive patients (33 females, 71 males, mean age 60.4±7.4 years) were assigned to SR restoration and maintenance with serial antiarrhythmic drugs. Transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) variables were recorded prior to CV. Generalised additive logistic regression was used to investigate the impact of LA enlargement on the long-term SR maintenance.
Results: SR was present in 63.5% of patients after one year of follow-up. Increased LA area >28 cm (RR 1.72; 1.09-2.71; p<0.02) and increased fractional shortening values in ranges between 26-40% (1.2; 1.01-1.44; p<0.05) were significantly associated with SR maintenance after one year. In order to determine the influence of the LA diameter on the probability of SR maintenance, we analysed mean LAar values prior to and after CV. Patients with large LAar (>28 cm2) presented a significant decrease of LA size (31.45±3.07 cm2 vs 28.94±3.81 cm2; p<0.008) during the first 30 days after SR restoration. In the group of patients with LAar >28 cm2 we noted decrease in LA size by 2.57±3.2 cm2, whereas in patients with a smaller LA volume this decrease was significantly lower, being 0.47±2.9 cm2 (p<0.004).
Conclusions: LA enlargement does not preclude a favourable outcome after CV of AF. The decrease in LA area occurring during 30 days following CV favours long term SR maintenance.
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Keywords

atrial fibrillation - sinus rhythm restoration - echocardiography

About this article
Title

A decrease of enlarged left atrium following cardioversion of atrial fibrillation predicts the long-term maintenance of sinus rhythm

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 62, No 5 (2005)

Pages

433-437

Published online

2005-12-12

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2005;62(5):433-437.

Keywords

atrial fibrillation - sinus rhythm restoration - echocardiography

Authors

Dariusz A. Kosior
Marcin Szulc
Adam Torbicki
Grzegorz Opolski
Daniel Rabczenko

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