open access

Vol 64, No 5 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-06-01
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Original article
Transcoronary stem cell delivery using physiological endothelium-targeting perfusion technique: the rationale and a pilot study involving a comparison with conventional over-the-wire balloon coronary occlusions in patients after recent myocardial infarction

Tomasz Siminiak
Kardiol Pol 2006;64(5):489-498.

open access

Vol 64, No 5 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-06-01
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Introduction: Recent evidence shows poor efficacy of over-the-wire balloon catheter (OTW) coronary occlusive technique adopted widely for intracoronary bone marrow stem cell (BMSC) delivery. The waterfall effect of OTW-balloon inflation/deflation with reactive ł2-fold flow velocity increase might be partly responsible for poor BMSC retention. Aim: To evaluate the safety, feasibility and tolerability of perfusion-infusion BMSC delivery with the facilitation of cell rolling in contact with the coronary endothelium (a pre-requisite for downstream transmigration). Methods: We randomly assigned 11 patients (age 41-72 years) with first anterior myocardial infarction treated with PTCA+stent and LVEF ≤45% at 6-9 days to OTW in-stent occlusive (3 x 3 min.) BMSC delivery or cell infusion via a perfusion catheter with multiple side holes (SH-PC). Results: OTW and SH-PC patients had a similar infarct size (mean peak CK 4361 vs 4717 U/L), LVEF (41.2% vs 40.3%), infused mononuclear cell number (2.99 x 108 range 0.61-7.48 x 108 vs 3.28 x 108 range 1.64-4.39 x 108), CD 34+ number (1.79 x 106 vs 1.62 x 106), cell viability (91.5% vs 91.8%) and clonogenicity (CFU assay). None of the SH-PC, but 67% of OTW patients, had ST-segment elevation with chest pain (and nsVT in one) that limited OTW occlusion tolerance to 50-110 sec. At 6 months DLVEF in the OTW vs SH-PC patients was +4.2% (2-6) vs +8.8% (5-16) by MRI and +4.8 (2-7) vs +13.8% (2-24) by SPECT. Conclusions: Our work indicates that the SH-PC technique can be used safely for intracoronary BMSC transplantation. Further research is needed to determine whether the putative advantages of physiological SH-PC delivery translate into enhanced BMSC homing.

Abstract

Introduction: Recent evidence shows poor efficacy of over-the-wire balloon catheter (OTW) coronary occlusive technique adopted widely for intracoronary bone marrow stem cell (BMSC) delivery. The waterfall effect of OTW-balloon inflation/deflation with reactive ł2-fold flow velocity increase might be partly responsible for poor BMSC retention. Aim: To evaluate the safety, feasibility and tolerability of perfusion-infusion BMSC delivery with the facilitation of cell rolling in contact with the coronary endothelium (a pre-requisite for downstream transmigration). Methods: We randomly assigned 11 patients (age 41-72 years) with first anterior myocardial infarction treated with PTCA+stent and LVEF ≤45% at 6-9 days to OTW in-stent occlusive (3 x 3 min.) BMSC delivery or cell infusion via a perfusion catheter with multiple side holes (SH-PC). Results: OTW and SH-PC patients had a similar infarct size (mean peak CK 4361 vs 4717 U/L), LVEF (41.2% vs 40.3%), infused mononuclear cell number (2.99 x 108 range 0.61-7.48 x 108 vs 3.28 x 108 range 1.64-4.39 x 108), CD 34+ number (1.79 x 106 vs 1.62 x 106), cell viability (91.5% vs 91.8%) and clonogenicity (CFU assay). None of the SH-PC, but 67% of OTW patients, had ST-segment elevation with chest pain (and nsVT in one) that limited OTW occlusion tolerance to 50-110 sec. At 6 months DLVEF in the OTW vs SH-PC patients was +4.2% (2-6) vs +8.8% (5-16) by MRI and +4.8 (2-7) vs +13.8% (2-24) by SPECT. Conclusions: Our work indicates that the SH-PC technique can be used safely for intracoronary BMSC transplantation. Further research is needed to determine whether the putative advantages of physiological SH-PC delivery translate into enhanced BMSC homing.
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Keywords

stem cell therapy; transcoronary bone marrow stem cell transplantation; physiological stem cell delivery; endothelium-targeted stem cell delivery; myocardial infarction border zone regeneration

About this article
Title

Original article
Transcoronary stem cell delivery using physiological endothelium-targeting perfusion technique: the rationale and a pilot study involving a comparison with conventional over-the-wire balloon coronary occlusions in patients after recent myocardial infarction

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 64, No 5 (2006)

Pages

489-498

Published online

2006-06-01

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2006;64(5):489-498.

Keywords

stem cell therapy
transcoronary bone marrow stem cell transplantation
physiological stem cell delivery
endothelium-targeted stem cell delivery
myocardial infarction border zone regeneration

Authors

Tomasz Siminiak

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