open access

Vol 64, No 5 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-06-01
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Orginal article
Relationship between the prevalence of depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome. Results of the SOPKARD Project

Katarzyna Gil, Piotr Radziwiłłowicz, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Anna Pakalska-Korcala, Kamil Chwojnicki, Jerzy Piwoński, Agata Ignaszewska-Wyrzykowska, Łukasz Załuga, Milena Mielczarek, Jerzy Landowski, Bogdan Wyrzykowski
Kardiol Pol 2006;64(5):464-469.

open access

Vol 64, No 5 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-06-01
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Introduction: Depression is a newly recognised risk factor for ischaemic heart disease (IHD). The results of many studies show that depression may contribute to the development of components of metabolic syndrome, such as arterial hypertension, obesity and glycaemic abnormalities. Thus it may have a significant impact on IHD development and worsen the course of an already established disorder. Aim: Evaluation of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and depression among Sopot inhabitants aged 50 or 60 years. Methods: This study involved 795 consecutive inhabitants of Sopot (477 female and 318 male) who were invited in 2003 and 2004 to participate in screening examinations in the programme of primary prevention of arterial hypertension, diabetes and lipid abnormalities – SOPKARD. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the NCEP ATP III guidelines. Beck’s Depression Inventory was used for the assessment of depressive symptoms. Results: Metabolic syndrome was recognised in 32% of participants (in 31% of women and in 33% of men). The distribution of particular elements of metabolic syndrome was as follows: elevated blood pressure was found in 63% of subjects (female – 58%, male – 70%), abnormal fasting glucose in 24% (female – 21%, male – 28%), visceral (abdominal) obesity in 33% (female – 38%, male – 26%), elevated triglyceride level in 34% (female – 28%, male – 42%) and decreased HDL level in 26% (female – 28%, male – 23%). Symptoms of depression were found in 37% of studied subjects (42% of females, 28% of males). Metabolic syndrome was observed more frequently in subjects with depressive symptoms compared to those without depressive symptoms in the whole group (35% vs 28%, p

Abstract

Introduction: Depression is a newly recognised risk factor for ischaemic heart disease (IHD). The results of many studies show that depression may contribute to the development of components of metabolic syndrome, such as arterial hypertension, obesity and glycaemic abnormalities. Thus it may have a significant impact on IHD development and worsen the course of an already established disorder. Aim: Evaluation of the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and depression among Sopot inhabitants aged 50 or 60 years. Methods: This study involved 795 consecutive inhabitants of Sopot (477 female and 318 male) who were invited in 2003 and 2004 to participate in screening examinations in the programme of primary prevention of arterial hypertension, diabetes and lipid abnormalities – SOPKARD. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the NCEP ATP III guidelines. Beck’s Depression Inventory was used for the assessment of depressive symptoms. Results: Metabolic syndrome was recognised in 32% of participants (in 31% of women and in 33% of men). The distribution of particular elements of metabolic syndrome was as follows: elevated blood pressure was found in 63% of subjects (female – 58%, male – 70%), abnormal fasting glucose in 24% (female – 21%, male – 28%), visceral (abdominal) obesity in 33% (female – 38%, male – 26%), elevated triglyceride level in 34% (female – 28%, male – 42%) and decreased HDL level in 26% (female – 28%, male – 23%). Symptoms of depression were found in 37% of studied subjects (42% of females, 28% of males). Metabolic syndrome was observed more frequently in subjects with depressive symptoms compared to those without depressive symptoms in the whole group (35% vs 28%, p
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Keywords

metabolic syndrome; depressive symptoms

About this article
Title

Orginal article
Relationship between the prevalence of depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome. Results of the SOPKARD Project

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 64, No 5 (2006)

Pages

464-469

Published online

2006-06-01

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2006;64(5):464-469.

Keywords

metabolic syndrome
depressive symptoms

Authors

Katarzyna Gil
Piotr Radziwiłłowicz
Tomasz Zdrojewski
Anna Pakalska-Korcala
Kamil Chwojnicki
Jerzy Piwoński
Agata Ignaszewska-Wyrzykowska
Łukasz Załuga
Milena Mielczarek
Jerzy Landowski
Bogdan Wyrzykowski

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