open access

Vol 64, No 7 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-07-18
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Original article
Relationship between aortic valve calcification and aortic atherosclerosis: a transoesophageal echocardiography study

Andrzej Wysokiński, Tomasz Zapolski
Kardiol Pol 2006;64(7):694-701.

open access

Vol 64, No 7 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-07-18
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract


Introduction:
Clinical and laboratory data provide an increasing amount of information regarding the common aetiopathogenetic background of acquired heart defects with calcification and arterial atherosclerosis.
Aim:
To evaluate the relationship between presence and severity of calcifications of the aortic semilunar valves and the intensity of atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta and aortic stiffness (AS).
Methods:
The study group comprised 80 subjects (49 males and 31 females) aged 72.2 (±8.0) years with an aortic valve defect found on echocardiography. Patients were divided into two subgroups depending on the severity of valvular disease. Subgroup I comprised 42 patients with small valvular lesions (0 - absence of calcification of the valve, or + - trivial valvular calcifications, possible to find on detailed evaluation of the valve). Subgroup II consisted of 38 patients with intense calcifications (++ - large, easily found valve calcifications, +++ - massive calcifications affecting leaflet mobility). All patients underwent transoesophageal echocardiography to evaluate atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta. The assessment included the following: location of the lesions in the aorta, intimal thickness, presence of calcifications and mobile parts of plaques and possible associated thrombi. Aortic stiffness was also measured using the formula: AS=log (SBP/DBP)/Aomax-Aomin)/Aomin.
Results:
Atherosclerotic plaques were more frequent in patients with more prominent calcifications of the aortic valve (19 vs 10 patients, p

Abstract


Introduction:
Clinical and laboratory data provide an increasing amount of information regarding the common aetiopathogenetic background of acquired heart defects with calcification and arterial atherosclerosis.
Aim:
To evaluate the relationship between presence and severity of calcifications of the aortic semilunar valves and the intensity of atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta and aortic stiffness (AS).
Methods:
The study group comprised 80 subjects (49 males and 31 females) aged 72.2 (±8.0) years with an aortic valve defect found on echocardiography. Patients were divided into two subgroups depending on the severity of valvular disease. Subgroup I comprised 42 patients with small valvular lesions (0 - absence of calcification of the valve, or + - trivial valvular calcifications, possible to find on detailed evaluation of the valve). Subgroup II consisted of 38 patients with intense calcifications (++ - large, easily found valve calcifications, +++ - massive calcifications affecting leaflet mobility). All patients underwent transoesophageal echocardiography to evaluate atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta. The assessment included the following: location of the lesions in the aorta, intimal thickness, presence of calcifications and mobile parts of plaques and possible associated thrombi. Aortic stiffness was also measured using the formula: AS=log (SBP/DBP)/Aomax-Aomin)/Aomin.
Results:
Atherosclerotic plaques were more frequent in patients with more prominent calcifications of the aortic valve (19 vs 10 patients, p
Get Citation

Keywords

aortic valve; aorta; atherosclerosis; calcifications; transoesophageal echocardiography

About this article
Title

Original article
Relationship between aortic valve calcification and aortic atherosclerosis: a transoesophageal echocardiography study

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 64, No 7 (2006)

Pages

694-701

Published online

2006-07-18

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2006;64(7):694-701.

Keywords

aortic valve
aorta
atherosclerosis
calcifications
transoesophageal echocardiography

Authors

Andrzej Wysokiński
Tomasz Zapolski

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