open access

Vol 64, No 9 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-10-11
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Original article
Stenting of unprotected left main coronary artery in patients with low preoperative risk of coronary artery bypass grafting

Dariusz Dudek, Grzegorz Heba, Dawid Giszterowicz, Łukasz Rzeszutko, Jacek Legutko, Stanisław Bartuś, Michał Chyrchel, Jacek S. Dubiel
Kardiol Pol 2006;64(9):929-936.

open access

Vol 64, No 9 (2006)
Other
Published online: 2006-10-11
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Introduction: Available data indicate that stenting of the left main coronary artery (LMN) is safe and effective. Restenosis remains the main factor limiting the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Aim: To evaluate immediate and long-term results of treatment of patients with LMN disease and low preoperative risk of coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: Coronary stents were implanted into LMN in 64 patients. The following strategy was applied: drug eluting stent (DES) for LMN diameter ≤3.5 mm (28 subjects) and bare metal stent (BMS) for LMN diameter >3.5 mm (36 subjects). Patients enrolled in the study underwent clinical evaluation and coronary angiography. Immediate effect of the procedure and main adverse cardiac events were assessed: death, myocardial infarction and additional target lesion or non-target lesion revascularization. Results: Angiographic and clinical effectiveness of the interventions was 100%. Full revascularisation of ischaemic regions of the myocardium was performed. Mean clinical follow-up period was 9.4±4.0 months. Neither death nor myocardial infarction occurred. Additional PCIs were performed in 11 (17.2%) patients; however, target vessel revascularisation (TVR) rate within LMN was 9.4% (i.e. 6 subjects with BMS), and non-TVR rate was 7.8% (5 subjects). Conclusions: LMN stenting is associated with high effectiveness of PCI in patients with low operative risk. Long-term follow-up revealed low incidence of major adverse cardiac events. Strategy of selective use of DESs in the study group produced good clinical outcome. Multivessel disease with LMN stenosis was associated with high rate of additional revascularisation of other vessels. Further improvement of treatment results may be obtained by more common use of DES for multivessel disease and LMN diameters larger than 4.0 mm.

Abstract

Introduction: Available data indicate that stenting of the left main coronary artery (LMN) is safe and effective. Restenosis remains the main factor limiting the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Aim: To evaluate immediate and long-term results of treatment of patients with LMN disease and low preoperative risk of coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: Coronary stents were implanted into LMN in 64 patients. The following strategy was applied: drug eluting stent (DES) for LMN diameter ≤3.5 mm (28 subjects) and bare metal stent (BMS) for LMN diameter >3.5 mm (36 subjects). Patients enrolled in the study underwent clinical evaluation and coronary angiography. Immediate effect of the procedure and main adverse cardiac events were assessed: death, myocardial infarction and additional target lesion or non-target lesion revascularization. Results: Angiographic and clinical effectiveness of the interventions was 100%. Full revascularisation of ischaemic regions of the myocardium was performed. Mean clinical follow-up period was 9.4±4.0 months. Neither death nor myocardial infarction occurred. Additional PCIs were performed in 11 (17.2%) patients; however, target vessel revascularisation (TVR) rate within LMN was 9.4% (i.e. 6 subjects with BMS), and non-TVR rate was 7.8% (5 subjects). Conclusions: LMN stenting is associated with high effectiveness of PCI in patients with low operative risk. Long-term follow-up revealed low incidence of major adverse cardiac events. Strategy of selective use of DESs in the study group produced good clinical outcome. Multivessel disease with LMN stenosis was associated with high rate of additional revascularisation of other vessels. Further improvement of treatment results may be obtained by more common use of DES for multivessel disease and LMN diameters larger than 4.0 mm.
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Keywords

left main coronary artery; stenting; outcome

About this article
Title

Original article
Stenting of unprotected left main coronary artery in patients with low preoperative risk of coronary artery bypass grafting

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 64, No 9 (2006)

Pages

929-936

Published online

2006-10-11

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2006;64(9):929-936.

Keywords

left main coronary artery
stenting
outcome

Authors

Dariusz Dudek
Grzegorz Heba
Dawid Giszterowicz
Łukasz Rzeszutko
Jacek Legutko
Stanisław Bartuś
Michał Chyrchel
Jacek S. Dubiel

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