open access

Vol 65, No 9 (2007)
Other
Published online: 2007-10-03
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Original article
Prevalence of excessive body weight and high blood pressure in children and adolescents in the city of Łódź

Lidia Ostrowska-Nawarycz, Tadeusz Nawarycz
Kardiol Pol 2007;65(9):1079-1087.

open access

Vol 65, No 9 (2007)
Other
Published online: 2007-10-03
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract

Background: Overweight and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents are two independent risk factors of basic importance for early prevention of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of overweight and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from the city of Łódź.
Methods: A total of 25,309 children and adolescents (12,669 girls and 12,640 boys) aged 7-19 years from 111 schools in the city of Łódź were examined. Basic anthropometric measurements (body mass and height) as well as three independent blood pressure measurements using the auscultatory method were performed. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were evaluated based on BMI analysis and using international criteria (IOTF). The prevalence of prehypertension state and hypertension was evaluated using the Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents.
Results: The mean prevalence of overweight (without obesity) was 15.1% (13.2% for girls and 17% for boys) and obesity was found in 3.7% of children (2.9% of girls and 4.4% of boys). Prevalence of the prehypertensive state and hypertension was 11.1% and 4.9%, respectively. In the younger groups of children aged 7-13 years the prevalence of overweight as well as elevated blood pressure was significantly (p

Abstract

Background: Overweight and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents are two independent risk factors of basic importance for early prevention of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of overweight and elevated blood pressure in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from the city of Łódź.
Methods: A total of 25,309 children and adolescents (12,669 girls and 12,640 boys) aged 7-19 years from 111 schools in the city of Łódź were examined. Basic anthropometric measurements (body mass and height) as well as three independent blood pressure measurements using the auscultatory method were performed. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were evaluated based on BMI analysis and using international criteria (IOTF). The prevalence of prehypertension state and hypertension was evaluated using the Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents.
Results: The mean prevalence of overweight (without obesity) was 15.1% (13.2% for girls and 17% for boys) and obesity was found in 3.7% of children (2.9% of girls and 4.4% of boys). Prevalence of the prehypertensive state and hypertension was 11.1% and 4.9%, respectively. In the younger groups of children aged 7-13 years the prevalence of overweight as well as elevated blood pressure was significantly (p
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Keywords

overweight and obesity; children and adolescents; prevalence; hypertension

About this article
Title

Original article
Prevalence of excessive body weight and high blood pressure in children and adolescents in the city of Łódź

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 65, No 9 (2007)

Pages

1079-1087

Published online

2007-10-03

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2007;65(9):1079-1087.

Keywords

overweight and obesity
children and adolescents
prevalence
hypertension

Authors

Lidia Ostrowska-Nawarycz
Tadeusz Nawarycz

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