open access

Vol 66, No 2 (2008)
Other
Published online: 2008-03-03
Submitted: 2012-12-28
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Cardiac rehabilitation
Knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle modifications in patients after an acute coronary syndrome. The influence of short-term, stationary rehabilitation. Preliminary results

Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka, Sławomira Borowicz-Bieńkowska, Izabela Przywarska, Aleksandra Brychcy, Piotr Dylewicz
Kardiol Pol 2008;66(2):230-232.

open access

Vol 66, No 2 (2008)
Other
Published online: 2008-03-03
Submitted: 2012-12-28

Abstract


Background:

Education on behavioural risk factors and lifestyle modification is one of the core components of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation.
Aim:

To assess the level of knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle changes in patients rehabilitated after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Methods:

The study group consisted of 31 consecutive patients (22 males, 56.6±10.9 years) participating in short-term, early, comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation. On admission, at discharge and 3 months after discharge patients’ knowledge was assessed with a questionnaire worked out by the authors.
Results:

On admission, patients had poor knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle modifications, especially concerning diabetes, hypertension, and diet. After completing the rehabilitation programme, significantly higher percentage of patients gave correct answers to questions concerning diabetes and cholesterol-rich diet as cardiovascular risk factors, and substitution of vegetable fat for animal fat as a lifestyle modification, and significantly higher proportion of patients gave the correct value for elevated systolic blood pressure.
Conclusions:

Patients after ACS have poor knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle modifications. The level of knowledge improves after short-term, stationary cardiac rehabilitation; however, the degree of this improvement is not completely satisfactory.

Abstract


Background:

Education on behavioural risk factors and lifestyle modification is one of the core components of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation.
Aim:

To assess the level of knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle changes in patients rehabilitated after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Methods:

The study group consisted of 31 consecutive patients (22 males, 56.6±10.9 years) participating in short-term, early, comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation. On admission, at discharge and 3 months after discharge patients’ knowledge was assessed with a questionnaire worked out by the authors.
Results:

On admission, patients had poor knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle modifications, especially concerning diabetes, hypertension, and diet. After completing the rehabilitation programme, significantly higher percentage of patients gave correct answers to questions concerning diabetes and cholesterol-rich diet as cardiovascular risk factors, and substitution of vegetable fat for animal fat as a lifestyle modification, and significantly higher proportion of patients gave the correct value for elevated systolic blood pressure.
Conclusions:

Patients after ACS have poor knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle modifications. The level of knowledge improves after short-term, stationary cardiac rehabilitation; however, the degree of this improvement is not completely satisfactory.
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Keywords

cardiac rehabilitation; health education

About this article
Title


Cardiac rehabilitation
Knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors and recommended lifestyle modifications in patients after an acute coronary syndrome. The influence of short-term, stationary rehabilitation. Preliminary results

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 66, No 2 (2008)

Pages

230-232

Published online

2008-03-03

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2008;66(2):230-232.

Keywords

cardiac rehabilitation
health education

Authors

Ewa Deskur-Śmielecka
Sławomira Borowicz-Bieńkowska
Izabela Przywarska
Aleksandra Brychcy
Piotr Dylewicz

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